Nonverbal communication skills in young children with autism

Chung Hsin Chiang, Wei Tsuen Soong, Tzu Ling Lin, Sally J Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Objective: The study was to examine nonverbal communication in young children with autism. Methods: The participants were 23 young children with autism (mean CA = 32.79 months), 23 CA and MA-matched children with developmental delay and 22 18-20-month-old, and 22 13-15-month-old typically developing toddlers and infants. The abbreviated Early Social Communication Scales [Mundy et al. 1996, Early social communication scales (ESCS)] were used to test three types of nonverbal communicative skills, i.e., joint attention, requesting, and social interaction. Both frequency and proportion analyses were done in group comparisons. Results: (1) Two- to three-year-old children with autism displayed deficits in joint attention ability, especially high-level skills. (2) The deficit in terms of frequency of communication was marked even compared with typically developing infants with younger mental age. (3) Young children with autism had different nonverbal communication profile compared with all three comparison groups. Conclusion: Early social-communicative difficulties in autism involve early triadic communications involving joint attention and possibly dyadic turn-taking skills, which has implications for both early screening and early intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1898-1906
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 2008


  • Nonverbal communication
  • Young autism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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