This cross-sectional study describes sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE)/forensic nurse examiner (FNE) program practices related to HIV testing, nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis (nPEP), and common barriers to offering HIV testing and nPEP. A convenience sample of 174 SANE/FNE programs in the United States and Canada was drawn from the International Association of ForensicNurses database, and program coordinators completed Web-based surveys. Three fourths of programs had nPEP policies, 31% provided HIV testing, and 63% offered nPEP routinely or upon request. Using χ2 and Fisher's exact tests, a greater proportion of Canadian programs had an nPEP protocol (p=.010), provided HIV testing (p= .004), and offered nPEP (p=.0001) than U.S.-based programs. Program coordinators rated providing pre- and/or posttest counseling and follow-up as the most important barrier to HIV testing, and medication costs as the most important barrier to providing nPEP. Our results indicate HIV-related services are offered inconsistently across SANE/FNE programs.
- Forensic nursing
- HIV post-exposure prophylaxis
- Nonoccupational postexposure
- Sexual assault
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing