To minimize ventilator-associated lung injury in neonates, use of noninvasive (NIV) respiratory support has markedly increased over the past decade, especially in neonates younger than 28-weeks gestational age and 1250 g. Previously, neonates with respiratory failure who required anything greater than an oxyhood or low-flow nasal cannula were intubated for transport. This increased use has required transport teams to develop or incorporate a new set of support tools to minimize lung injury. This article reviews the various modes of NIV used during neonatal transport, important patient selection criteria, appropriate assessment, and the associated risks and benefits.
- High-flow nasal cannula
- High-frequency nasal ventilation
- Nasal intermittent positive-pressure ventilation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology