Noncomprehension signaling in males and females with fragile X syndrome

Angela John Thurman, Sara T. Kover, W. Ted Brown, Danielle J Harvey, Leonard Abbedutoa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study used a prospective longitudinal design to evaluate the trajectory and predictors of noncomprehension signaling in male and female youth with fragile X syndrome (FXS). Method: A direction-following task in which some of the directions were inadequate was administered. Participants were 52 youth (36 boys, 16 girls) with FXS. Upon study entry, participants ranged from 10 to 16 years. The average number of annual assessments per participant was 3.65 (range = 1-4), providing 198 data points for analysis. Results: Participants with FXS were less likely to signal noncomprehension than younger, typically developing, cognitively matched children. The average rate of change in noncomprehension signaling was not significantly different from 0 for either boys or girls, suggesting a plateau. Both FMRP and nonverbal IQ were significant independent predictors of noncomprehension signaling for boys. Variability in noncomprehension signaling among girls was not explained by any of the predictors, but trends similar to those observed for boys were observed. Conclusions: Noncomprehension signaling appears to be an area of weakness for individuals with FXS. Because the failure to signal noncomprehension can have negative, cumulative effects on comprehension, the results suggest a need for interventions targeting the requisite cognitive skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1606-1621
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume60
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Fragile X Syndrome
comprehension
Syndrome
trend
Boys
Predictors
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this

Noncomprehension signaling in males and females with fragile X syndrome. / Thurman, Angela John; Kover, Sara T.; Ted Brown, W.; Harvey, Danielle J; Abbedutoa, Leonard.

In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, Vol. 60, No. 6, 2017, p. 1606-1621.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thurman, Angela John ; Kover, Sara T. ; Ted Brown, W. ; Harvey, Danielle J ; Abbedutoa, Leonard. / Noncomprehension signaling in males and females with fragile X syndrome. In: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 2017 ; Vol. 60, No. 6. pp. 1606-1621.
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