Non-cardiac thoracic ultrasound in 75 feline and canine patients

Jean K. Reichle, Erik R Wisner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to describe the ultrasonographic appearance of non-cardiac diseases of the small animal thorax. Ultrasound images from a total of 75 animals (26 cats and 49 dogs) were compared to cytologic, histopathologic, and necropsy findings. Clinical diagnoses included neoplasia of the mediastinum, pleura, or lungs (43); idiopathic mediastinal cyst (3); diaphragmatic or peritoneo-pericardial hernia (4); lung lobe torsion (1); pulmonary eosinophilic infiltrates (1); and idiopathic, chylous, congestive heart failure, or lymphangiectasia associated pleural effusion (14). In the remaining 9 patients, a definitive diagnosis was not obtained. Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspirate was performed in 56 patients; 1 of these also had an ultrasound-guided tissue core biopsy. Of the fine needle aspirates, 51 (91%) were diagnostic. Ultrasound examination, particularly when accompanied by guided tissue sampling, can be a valuable tool in the diagnosis of non-cardiac intrathoracic lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-162
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Radiology and Ultrasound
Volume41
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Canine
  • Feline
  • Thorax
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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