Nocardioform placentitis with isolation of Amycolatopsis spp in a Florida-bred mare

Bruce W Christensen, John F. Roberts, Malgorzata A. Pozor, Steeve Giguere, Stephen F. Sells, James M. Donahue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Case Description - A 4-year-old Thoroughbred mare was evaluated because of placental abnormalities and a retained placental remnant. Clinical Findings - Microbial culture of the placenta yielded pure growth of Amycolatopsis spp. Histologic examination of the placenta revealed a focally expanding chorionitis with intralesional gram-positive filamentous bacilli and multifocal allantoic adenomatous hyperplasia on the apposing allantoic surface. Treatment and Outcome - Treatment with lavage and oxytocin resulted in expulsion of the placental remnant within hours of parturition. The mare did not become pregnant again despite multiple breedings. The foal appeared healthy but died of complications during an elective surgical procedure at 7 weeks of age. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - To the author's knowledge, all previously confirmed cases of nocardioform placentitis have been in mares bred in the central Kentucky region. Indications that the pathogen in the mare reported here is a different species than that isolated in Kentucky suggest that this is an emerging disease. Mares with nocardioform placentitis usually do not have the same clinical signs as mares with placentitis resulting from an ascending pathogen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1234-1239
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume228
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Amycolatopsis
Placenta
mares
Elective Surgical Procedures
breeds
Therapeutic Irrigation
Oxytocin
Bacillus
Hyperplasia
Breeding
Parturition
placenta
Growth
emerging diseases
pathogens
oxytocin
hyperplasia
foals
Therapeutics
surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Nocardioform placentitis with isolation of Amycolatopsis spp in a Florida-bred mare. / Christensen, Bruce W; Roberts, John F.; Pozor, Malgorzata A.; Giguere, Steeve; Sells, Stephen F.; Donahue, James M.

In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Vol. 228, No. 8, 15.04.2006, p. 1234-1239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Christensen, Bruce W ; Roberts, John F. ; Pozor, Malgorzata A. ; Giguere, Steeve ; Sells, Stephen F. ; Donahue, James M. / Nocardioform placentitis with isolation of Amycolatopsis spp in a Florida-bred mare. In: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 2006 ; Vol. 228, No. 8. pp. 1234-1239.
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