Nitric oxide modulates cardiac Na+ channel via protein kinase A and protein kinase G

Gias U. Ahmmed, Yanfang Xu, Pei Hong Dong, Zhao Zhang, Jason Eiserich, Nipavan Chiamvimonvat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

We directly tested the effects of nitric oxide (NO) on Na+ channels in guinea pig and mouse ventricular myocytes using patch-clamp recordings. We have previously shown that NO donors have no observed effects on expressed Na+ channels. In contrast, NO (half-blocking concentration of 523 nmol/L) significantly reduces peak whole-cell Na+ current (INa) in isolated ventricular myocytes. The inhibitory effect of NO on INa was not associated with changes in activation, inactivation, or reactivation kinetics. At the single-channel level, the reduction in macroscopic current was mediated by a decrease in open probability and/or a decrease in the number of functional channels with no change in single-channel conductance. Application of cell permeable analogs of cGMP or cAMP mimics the inhibitory effects of NO. Furthermore, the effects of NO on INa can only be blocked by inhibition of both cGMP and cAMP pathways. Sulfhydryl-reducing agent does not reverse the effect of NO. In summary, although NO exerts its action via the known guanylyl cyclase (GC)/cGMP pathway, our findings provide evidence that NO can mediate its function via a GC/cGMP-independent mechanism involving the activation of adynylyl cyclase (AC) and cAMP-dependent protein kinase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1013
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation Research
Volume89
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 23 2001

Keywords

  • Cardiac Na current
  • Nitric oxide
  • Protein kinase A
  • Protein kinase G

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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