NIH toolbox cognition battery (NIHTB-CB): List sorting test to measure working memory

David S. Tulsky, Noelle Carlozzi, Nancy D. Chiaravalloti, Jennifer L. Beaumont, Pamela A. Kisala, Dan M Mungas, Kevin Conway, Richard Gershon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

The List Sorting Working Memory Test was designed to assess working memory (WM) as part of the NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery. List Sorting is a sequencing task requiring children and adults to sort and sequence stimuli that are presented visually and auditorily. Validation data are presented for 268 participants ages 20 to 85 years. A subset of participants (N=89) was retested 7 to 21 days later. As expected, the List Sorting Test had moderately high correlations with other measures of working memory and executive functioning (convergent validity) but a low correlation with a test of receptive vocabulary (discriminant validity). Furthermore, List Sorting demonstrates expected changes over the age span and has excellent test-retest reliability. Collectively, these results provide initial support for the construct validity of the List Sorting Working Memory Measure as a measure of working memory. However, the relationship between the List Sorting Test and general executive function has yet to be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)599-610
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Cognition
  • Executive function
  • Memory
  • Neuropsychological tests
  • Short-term
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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