New world and old world monkeys

Kerstin Mätz-Rensing, Linda J. Lowenstine

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations


This chapter presents important non-infectious and infectious diseases of New World (NWM) and Old World monkeys (OWM). Beside important non-infectious diseases, such as the «Wasting Marmoset Syndrome» and endometriosis, an entity of menstruating primates, the chapter focuses mainly on infectious diseases. NWM and OWM species are highly susceptible to several viral pathogens that exist as latent or subclinical infections in their natural hosts but can cause severe disease or death when interspecies transmission occurs. Examples of such viruses are Herpes simplex infections in marmosets acquired from humans or Herpes B of macaques, which may lead to severe encephalitis in humans if transmitted accidentally. Mycobacteria are the most significant bacterial agents and tuberculosis is still a dreaded disease in OWM facilities. Parasitic infections are common especially in wild living populations. Tapeworm infections especially that of the fox tapeworm, leads to massive metacestode growth in accidental intermediate hosts. Several of the described pathogens are potential zoonotic agents, and protective measures should be implemented when handling nonhuman primates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPathology of Wildlife and Zoo Animals
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9780128053065
ISBN (Print)9780128092194
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Bacterial infection
  • New world monkey
  • Old world monkey
  • Parasitic infection
  • Viral infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)


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