New intercalation compounds of layered lanthanide oxychlorides LnOCl (Ln = Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb) with pyridine and substituted pyridines

Kang Song, Susan M. Kauzlarich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The lanthanide oxychlorides of Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb crystallize in the hexagonal space group, R3m as a mixture of the SmSI- and YOF-type layered structures. The oxychlorides are prepared by heating Ln2O3 (Ln = Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb) with excess NH4Cl, followed by pyrohydrolysis. Crystalline phases of the lanthanide oxychlorides are obtained by heating LnOCl in LiCl/KCl fluxes at 450°C. The cell parameters obtained from X-ray powder diffraction are as follows: HoOCl, a = 3.7697 (7), c = 27.766 (6) Å; ErOCl, a = 3.745 (1), c = 27.719 (8) Å; TmOCl, a = 3.708 (2), c = 27.72 (1) Å; YbOCl, a = 3.704 (2), c = 27.68 (2) Å. A series of new pyridine intercalation compounds, (py)xLnOCl, have been prepared by reactions of pyridine with the LnOCl hosts. Intercalation compounds are characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, mass spectrometry, elemental analysis, thermal gravimetric analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility. There is no reduction of the host lattice and pyridine apparently intercalates as the neutral molecule. An acid-base interaction is proposed for the mode of intercalation of pyridine into the lanthanide oxychlorides. Further studies on the intercalation of substituted pyridines, 4-ethylpyridine, and 2,6-lutidine, indicate that the C2 axis of pyridine is oriented perpendicular to the LnOCl layers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-394
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume6
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994

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Pyridines
Intercalation compounds
Lanthanoid Series Elements
Rare earth elements
Pyridine
Intercalation
X ray powder diffraction
Heating
Gravimetric analysis
Magnetic susceptibility
Mass spectrometry
Infrared spectroscopy
pyridine
Fluxes
Crystalline materials
Molecules
Acids
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

New intercalation compounds of layered lanthanide oxychlorides LnOCl (Ln = Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb) with pyridine and substituted pyridines. / Song, Kang; Kauzlarich, Susan M.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1994, p. 386-394.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "New intercalation compounds of layered lanthanide oxychlorides LnOCl (Ln = Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb) with pyridine and substituted pyridines",
abstract = "The lanthanide oxychlorides of Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb crystallize in the hexagonal space group, R3m as a mixture of the SmSI- and YOF-type layered structures. The oxychlorides are prepared by heating Ln2O3 (Ln = Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb) with excess NH4Cl, followed by pyrohydrolysis. Crystalline phases of the lanthanide oxychlorides are obtained by heating LnOCl in LiCl/KCl fluxes at 450°C. The cell parameters obtained from X-ray powder diffraction are as follows: HoOCl, a = 3.7697 (7), c = 27.766 (6) {\AA}; ErOCl, a = 3.745 (1), c = 27.719 (8) {\AA}; TmOCl, a = 3.708 (2), c = 27.72 (1) {\AA}; YbOCl, a = 3.704 (2), c = 27.68 (2) {\AA}. A series of new pyridine intercalation compounds, (py)xLnOCl, have been prepared by reactions of pyridine with the LnOCl hosts. Intercalation compounds are characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, mass spectrometry, elemental analysis, thermal gravimetric analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility. There is no reduction of the host lattice and pyridine apparently intercalates as the neutral molecule. An acid-base interaction is proposed for the mode of intercalation of pyridine into the lanthanide oxychlorides. Further studies on the intercalation of substituted pyridines, 4-ethylpyridine, and 2,6-lutidine, indicate that the C2 axis of pyridine is oriented perpendicular to the LnOCl layers.",
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N2 - The lanthanide oxychlorides of Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb crystallize in the hexagonal space group, R3m as a mixture of the SmSI- and YOF-type layered structures. The oxychlorides are prepared by heating Ln2O3 (Ln = Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb) with excess NH4Cl, followed by pyrohydrolysis. Crystalline phases of the lanthanide oxychlorides are obtained by heating LnOCl in LiCl/KCl fluxes at 450°C. The cell parameters obtained from X-ray powder diffraction are as follows: HoOCl, a = 3.7697 (7), c = 27.766 (6) Å; ErOCl, a = 3.745 (1), c = 27.719 (8) Å; TmOCl, a = 3.708 (2), c = 27.72 (1) Å; YbOCl, a = 3.704 (2), c = 27.68 (2) Å. A series of new pyridine intercalation compounds, (py)xLnOCl, have been prepared by reactions of pyridine with the LnOCl hosts. Intercalation compounds are characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, mass spectrometry, elemental analysis, thermal gravimetric analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility. There is no reduction of the host lattice and pyridine apparently intercalates as the neutral molecule. An acid-base interaction is proposed for the mode of intercalation of pyridine into the lanthanide oxychlorides. Further studies on the intercalation of substituted pyridines, 4-ethylpyridine, and 2,6-lutidine, indicate that the C2 axis of pyridine is oriented perpendicular to the LnOCl layers.

AB - The lanthanide oxychlorides of Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb crystallize in the hexagonal space group, R3m as a mixture of the SmSI- and YOF-type layered structures. The oxychlorides are prepared by heating Ln2O3 (Ln = Ho, Er, Tm, and Yb) with excess NH4Cl, followed by pyrohydrolysis. Crystalline phases of the lanthanide oxychlorides are obtained by heating LnOCl in LiCl/KCl fluxes at 450°C. The cell parameters obtained from X-ray powder diffraction are as follows: HoOCl, a = 3.7697 (7), c = 27.766 (6) Å; ErOCl, a = 3.745 (1), c = 27.719 (8) Å; TmOCl, a = 3.708 (2), c = 27.72 (1) Å; YbOCl, a = 3.704 (2), c = 27.68 (2) Å. A series of new pyridine intercalation compounds, (py)xLnOCl, have been prepared by reactions of pyridine with the LnOCl hosts. Intercalation compounds are characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, mass spectrometry, elemental analysis, thermal gravimetric analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility. There is no reduction of the host lattice and pyridine apparently intercalates as the neutral molecule. An acid-base interaction is proposed for the mode of intercalation of pyridine into the lanthanide oxychlorides. Further studies on the intercalation of substituted pyridines, 4-ethylpyridine, and 2,6-lutidine, indicate that the C2 axis of pyridine is oriented perpendicular to the LnOCl layers.

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