Neurotoxicity of amphotericin B methyl ester in dogs

W. G. Ellis, E. Bencken, Richard A Lecouteur, J. R. Barbano, B. M. Wolfe, M. B. Jennings

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Abstract

Clinical and neuropathologic effects of chronically administered intravenous (iv) amphotericin B methyl ester (AME) were observed in 3 male dogs (2 German shorthaired pointers and 1 pit bull). Each dog received 6.2-7.3 g of AME (299-327 mg/kg body weight) over a period of 11-12 weeks. One dog developed neurologic signs of severe diffuse brain dysfunction and at necropsy all 3 dogs had a marked leukoencephalopathy, most severe in centrum ovale and subcortical white matter of frontal lobes. Brain histopathology included diffuse myelin loss, oligodendrocyte depletion, accumulation of macrophages filled with sudanophilic lipid, fibrillary astrogliosis, and swelling or fragmentation of many axons. Two control dogs administered iv glucose showed no neuropathologic abnormalities. These findings closely resemble the clinical and neuropathologic abnormalities that developed in patients during the first human trial of AME for treatment of fungal infections, but differ from those of animal studies that did not closely simulate the long-term drug administration required for antifungal therapy in humans. It was concluded that before human clinical trial is authorized, experimental protocols for animal studies of drug toxicity should reflect the anticipated human use of the drug, both in dose and duration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalToxicologic Pathology
Volume16
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Ellis, W. G., Bencken, E., Lecouteur, R. A., Barbano, J. R., Wolfe, B. M., & Jennings, M. B. (1988). Neurotoxicity of amphotericin B methyl ester in dogs. Toxicologic Pathology, 16(1), 1-9.