This chapter explores the utility of neuropsychological conceptualizations of developmental psychopathology. The field of neuropsychology is concerned with understanding brain-behavior relations. The application of a neuropsychological approach to understanding disorders of development, especially developmental psychopathology, is a relatively recent phenomenon. The chapter reviews the multilevel model for analyzing developmental psychopathology. It discusses four broad levels of analysis: etiology, brain mechanisms, neuropsychology, and behavior. The chapter then focuses on the neuropsychological level of analysis and its promise of providing a bridge between brain and behavior, identifying mechanisms that may be closer to and more consistent with biology than are symptoms themselves. It examines two forms of developmental psychopathology, Autism Spectrum Disorders and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, applying a neuroscientific perspective. Exploring these very different disorders provides a rigorous test of the neuropsychological model. The chapter finally explains the limitations of the neuropsychological model.
- Atypical behavior
- Autism Spectrum Disorders
- Brain mechanisms
- Developmental psychopathology
- Neuropsychological dysfunction
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
ASJC Scopus subject areas