Neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS: A literature review

W. M. Detmer, Francis G Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has become a major public health problem with over 12,000 cases and 6,000 deaths reported to date. Although there has been an explosion of knowledge in the virology, immunology and pathology of AIDS, relatively little has been writen on the neuropsychiatric aspects. This report reviews the existing literature on the neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS. As many as 40 percent of patients with AIDS have neurologic complications at some point in their illness. These complications include either focal deficits attributable to opportunistic organisms infecting the CNS or diffuse encephalopathy caused by viral infection or lymphoma infiltration. Psychiatric complications include major depression, adjustment disorder with depressed mood, and organic brain syndrome with affective, delusional or demented features. Inpatient and consulting psychiatrists must be alert to these complications of AIDS so as to make accurate diagnoses and deliver appropriate therapy. Further studies, integrating both psychiatric and neurologic perspectives, are needed to better elucidate the neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS and help plan appropriate therapeutic interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-29
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
Volume16
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1986

Fingerprint

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Psychiatry
Nervous System
Adjustment Disorders
Virology
Explosions
Brain Diseases
Virus Diseases
Allergy and Immunology
Inpatients
Lymphoma
Public Health
Depression
Pathology
Brain
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS : A literature review. / Detmer, W. M.; Lu, Francis G.

In: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, Vol. 16, No. 1, 1986, p. 21-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9850348e241f483fb38a2c2c14e2785c,
title = "Neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS: A literature review",
abstract = "Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has become a major public health problem with over 12,000 cases and 6,000 deaths reported to date. Although there has been an explosion of knowledge in the virology, immunology and pathology of AIDS, relatively little has been writen on the neuropsychiatric aspects. This report reviews the existing literature on the neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS. As many as 40 percent of patients with AIDS have neurologic complications at some point in their illness. These complications include either focal deficits attributable to opportunistic organisms infecting the CNS or diffuse encephalopathy caused by viral infection or lymphoma infiltration. Psychiatric complications include major depression, adjustment disorder with depressed mood, and organic brain syndrome with affective, delusional or demented features. Inpatient and consulting psychiatrists must be alert to these complications of AIDS so as to make accurate diagnoses and deliver appropriate therapy. Further studies, integrating both psychiatric and neurologic perspectives, are needed to better elucidate the neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS and help plan appropriate therapeutic interventions.",
author = "Detmer, {W. M.} and Lu, {Francis G}",
year = "1986",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "21--29",
journal = "International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine",
issn = "0091-2174",
publisher = "Baywood Publishing Co. Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS

T2 - A literature review

AU - Detmer, W. M.

AU - Lu, Francis G

PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has become a major public health problem with over 12,000 cases and 6,000 deaths reported to date. Although there has been an explosion of knowledge in the virology, immunology and pathology of AIDS, relatively little has been writen on the neuropsychiatric aspects. This report reviews the existing literature on the neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS. As many as 40 percent of patients with AIDS have neurologic complications at some point in their illness. These complications include either focal deficits attributable to opportunistic organisms infecting the CNS or diffuse encephalopathy caused by viral infection or lymphoma infiltration. Psychiatric complications include major depression, adjustment disorder with depressed mood, and organic brain syndrome with affective, delusional or demented features. Inpatient and consulting psychiatrists must be alert to these complications of AIDS so as to make accurate diagnoses and deliver appropriate therapy. Further studies, integrating both psychiatric and neurologic perspectives, are needed to better elucidate the neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS and help plan appropriate therapeutic interventions.

AB - Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has become a major public health problem with over 12,000 cases and 6,000 deaths reported to date. Although there has been an explosion of knowledge in the virology, immunology and pathology of AIDS, relatively little has been writen on the neuropsychiatric aspects. This report reviews the existing literature on the neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS. As many as 40 percent of patients with AIDS have neurologic complications at some point in their illness. These complications include either focal deficits attributable to opportunistic organisms infecting the CNS or diffuse encephalopathy caused by viral infection or lymphoma infiltration. Psychiatric complications include major depression, adjustment disorder with depressed mood, and organic brain syndrome with affective, delusional or demented features. Inpatient and consulting psychiatrists must be alert to these complications of AIDS so as to make accurate diagnoses and deliver appropriate therapy. Further studies, integrating both psychiatric and neurologic perspectives, are needed to better elucidate the neuropsychiatric complications of AIDS and help plan appropriate therapeutic interventions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0022586768&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0022586768&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 3522460

AN - SCOPUS:0022586768

VL - 16

SP - 21

EP - 29

JO - International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine

JF - International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine

SN - 0091-2174

IS - 1

ER -