Neuronopathy in the motor neocortex in a chronic model of multiple sclerosis

Travis Burns, Laird Miers, Jie Xu, Alan Man, Monica Moreno, David E Pleasure, Peter Bannerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We provide evidence of cortical neuronopathy in myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptide-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, an established model of chronic multiple sclerosis. To investigate phenotypic perturbations in neurons in this model, we used apoptotic markers and immunohistochemistry with antibodies to NeuN and other surrogate markers known to be expressed by adult pyramidal Layer V somas, including annexin V, encephalopsin, and Emx1. We found no consistent evidence of chronic loss of Layer V neurons but detected both reversible and chronic decreases in the expression of these markers in conjunction with evidence of cortical demyelination and presynaptic loss. These phenotypic perturbations were present in, but not restricted to, the neocortical Layer V. We also investigated inflammatory responses in the cortex and subcortical white matter of the corpus callosum and spinal dorsal funiculus and found that those in the cortex and corpus callosum were delayed compared with those in the spinal cord. Inflammatory infiltrates initially included T cells, neutrophils, and Iba1-positive microglia/macrophages in the corpus callosum, whereas only Iba1-positive cells were present in the cortex. These data indicate that we have identified a new temporal pattern of subtle phenotypic perturbations in neocortical neurons in this chronic multiple sclerosis model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-344
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Corticospinal neurons
  • Motor strip
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neuronopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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