Neurologic Presentations of Acid-Base Imbalance, Electrolyte Abnormalities, and Endocrine Emergencies

Alan Howe Yee, Alejandro A. Rabinstein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Accurate identification of nervous system dysfunction is vital in the assessment of any multisystem disorder. The neurologic manifestations of acid-base disturbances, abnormal electrolyte concentrations, and acute endocrinopathies are protean and typically determined by the acuity of the underlying derangement. Detailed history and physical examination may guide appropriate laboratory testing and lead to prompt and accurate diagnosis. Neurologic manifestations of primary and secondary systemic disorders are frequently encountered in all subspecialties of medicine. This article focuses on key neurologic presentations of respiratory and metabolic acid-base derangements and potentially life-threatening endocrinopathies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalNeurologic Clinics
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Acid-base
  • Electrolyte
  • Endocrine emergencies
  • Neurologic manifestations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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