Neurofibrillary pathology in brains of elderly schizophrenics treated with neuroleptics

H. M. Wisniewski, J. Constantinidis, J. Wegiel, Matthew Bobinski, M. Tarnawski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The clinical histories of 102 schizophrenics who died at 70 years of age or older were reviewed. The incidence of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) was two times higher in the patients who received (74%) than in those who did not receive (36%) treatment with neuroleptics. The development of NFTs started earlier in the treated group. Further studies comparing brains of nine schizophrenics (average age, 86 years) who did not receive treatment with neuroleptics and seven age-matched cases who received neuroleptics, both with neurofibrillary pathology and neuritic plaques, showed characteristic differences. The numerical density of NFTs was slightly greater in the cornu Ammonis (CA1 and CA2) and subiculum of treated patients. Significantly lower numerical density and lower percentage of pretangles (stage 0) and early and mature tangles (stages 1 and 2) and increased number of end-stage tangles (stage 3) were found in the CA, subicular complex, and cerebral cortex of the treated group. These changes suggest accelerated neurofibrillary degeneration in neurons. A significant increase in the numerical density of τ-1-positive plaques was observed in sector CA1 of the CA (from 0.15/mm2 to 17.36/mm2), subiculum (from 0/mm2 to 16.62/mm2), temporal cortex (from 0.14/mm2 to 9.46/mm2), and occipital cortex (from 0.08/mm2 to 0.39/mm2). The higher numerical density of τ-1-positive plaques, but not of 4G8-positive plaques, indicates acceleration of neurofibrillary changes in the plaques of patients treated with neuroleptics. The significant decrease (20-25%) in the numerical density of neurons in the pyramidal layer of sectors 2-4 in the CA appears to be associated with accelerated neurofibrillary changes in neurons and plaques in the treated group. This study demonstrates that chronic treatment with neuroleptics - not schizophrenia itself - significantly increases the risk of more frequent, earlier, and accelerated development of neurofibrillary pathology in the brains of elderly schizophrenics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-227
Number of pages17
JournalAlzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
Volume8
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • Neurofibrilary pathology
  • Neuroleptics
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)

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