Neural mlaa for pet-enabled dual-energy ct imaging

Siqi Li, Guobao Wang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


The PET-enabled dual-energy CT method allows dual-energy CT imaging on PET/CT scanners without the need for a second x-ray CT scan. A 511 keV γ-ray attenuation image can be reconstructed from time-of-flight PET emission data using the maximum-likelihood attenuation and activity (MLAA) algorithm. However, the attenuation image reconstructed by standard MLAA is commonly noisy. To suppress noise, we propose a neuralnetwork approach for MLAA reconstruction. The PET attenuation image is described as a function of kernelized neural networks with the flexibility of incorporating the available x-ray CT image as anatomical prior. By applying optimization transfer, the complex optimization problem of the proposed neural MLAA reconstruction is solved by a modularized iterative algorithm with each iteration decomposed into three steps: PET activity image update, attenuation image update, and neural-network learning using a weighed mean squared-error loss. The optimization algorithm is guaranteed to monotonically increase the data likelihood. The results from computer simulations demonstrated the neural MLAA algorithm can achieve a significant improvement on the γ-ray CT image quality as compared to other algorithms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2021
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
EditorsHilde Bosmans, Wei Zhao, Lifeng Yu
ISBN (Electronic)9781510640191
StatePublished - 2021
EventMedical Imaging 2021: Physics of Medical Imaging - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Feb 15 2021Feb 19 2021

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


ConferenceMedical Imaging 2021: Physics of Medical Imaging
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online


  • Dual energy ct
  • kernel methods
  • mlaa
  • Neural network
  • Pet/ct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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