To clarify mechanisms underlying cell-to-cell interactions between hemopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and stromal cells, we established a stromal cell line (FMS/PA6-P) from day-16 fetal bone marrow (BM) adherent cells using an anti-PA6 monoclonal antibody (mAb) specific for BM stromal cells. Importantly, this FMS/PA6-P cell line, showing homogenous fibroblastic morphology, is absent from hematolymphoid and endothelial lineage markers and maintains a high level of expression of PA6 molecule, recognized by the anti-PA6 mAb, for approximately 20 passages. Further, the cell line expressing a high level of PA6 molecule has a better hemopoiesis-supporting capacity in vitro than other stromal cell lines such as PA6 and MS-5. In fact, the PA6 molecule is closely related to the hemopoiesis-supporting capacity of the stromal cells because the proliferation of HSCs was suppressed to a great extent by the anti-PA6 mAb. Affinity chromatography and mass peptide fingerprinting revealed that the protein reacting with the anti-PA6 mAb is neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM). The frequencies of long-term cobblestone area-forming cells and long-term culture-initiating cells were significantly suppressed by repression of NCAM in the FMS/PA6-P cells using NCAM small interfering RNA. Our Findings clearly indicate that NCAM functions on the maintenance of HSCs.
- Bone marrow stromal cells
- Neural cell adhesion molecule
- Pluripotent hemopoietic stem cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology