During synaptogenesis, agrin, released by motor nerves, causes the clustering of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in the skeletal muscle membrane. Although muscle α-dystroglycan has been postulated to be the receptor for the activity of agrin, previous experiments have revealed a discrepancy between the biological activity of soluble fragments of two isoforms of agrin produced by nerves and muscles, respectively, and their ability to bind α-dystroglycan. We have determined the specificity of the signaling receptor by investigating whether muscle agrin can block the activity of neural agrin on intact C2 myotubes. We find that a large excess of muscle agrin failed to inhibit either the number of AChR clusters or the phosphorylation of the AChR induced by picomolar concentrations of neural agrin. These results indicate that neural, but not muscle, agrin interacts with the signaling receptor. Muscle agrin did block the binding of neural agrin to isolated α-dystroglycan, however, suggesting either that α- dystroglycan is not the signaling receptor or that its properties in the membrane are altered. Direct assay of the binding of muscle or neural agrin to intact myotubes revealed only low-affinity binding. We conclude that the signaling receptor for agrin is a high-affinity receptor that is highly specific for the neural form.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience|
|State||Published - 1996|
- acetylcholine receptor
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