Nerve growth factor enhances neurite arborization of adult sensory neurons; a study in single-cell culture

Takeshi Yasuda, Gen Sobue, Takayuki Ito, Terunori Mitsuma, Akira Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a well-established trophic factor of sympathetic and sensory neurons during development. NGF is, however, little known to be required for the maintenance or regulation of differentiated phenotypes of matured peripheral neurons. Since trophic factors, including NGF, are currently known to be secreted by non-neuronal cells, like Schwann cells and fibroblasts, a highly pure-neuron culture is required to assess the direct action of trophic factors on neurons. We have developed a single-neuron culture from neonatal and adult rat dorsal root ganglia in serum-free conditions, and estimated the primary effect of NGF on the morphological geometry of sensory neurons. We found that NGF promoted the neurite length of neonatal sensory neurons, rather than promoting arborization (branching of neurites), while in adult matured neurons NGF significantly enhanced neurite arborizations, rather than the maximal neurite extension, distance from the cell soma to the maximum margin of the territory of neurite extension. Total neurite per length, the summed length of all neurites per neuron was significantly increased by NGF in both neonatal and adult neurons. NGF also increased the size of neuronal soma independent of neuronal maturation. Neonatal sensory neurons tended to die in 1 week despite the presence of NGF. In contrast, some adult sensory neurons were alive for more than 2 weeks in the absence of NGF. These results indicate that NGF more than simple accelerates a pre-existing development program in the matured stage, and that the promotion of neurite arborization by NGF in adult sensory neurons suggests that NGF may have some role in peripheral nerve regeneration via promotion of axonal sprouting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-63
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Research
Volume524
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 30 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Development
  • Nerve growth factor
  • Neurite
  • Sensory neuron
  • Single neuron culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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