The initial colonization of the neonatal intestinal tract is influenced by delivery mode, feeding, the maternal microbiota, and a host of environmental factors. After birth, the composition of the infant’s microbiota undergoes a series of significant changes particularly in the first weeks and months of life ultimately developing into a more stable and diverse adult-like population in childhood. Intestinal dysbiosis is an alteration in the intestinal microbiota associated with disease and appears to be common in neonates. The consequences of intestinal dysbiosis are uncertain, but strong circumstantial evidence and limited confirmations of causality suggest that dysbiosis early in life can influence the health of the infant acutely, as well as contribute to disease susceptibility later in life.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology