Neighborhood deprivation, race/ethnicity, and urinary metal concentrations among young girls in California

Felisa A. Gonzales, Rena R. Jones, Julianna Deardorff, Gayle C. Windham, Robert A. Hiatt, Lawrence H. Kushi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although metals can adversely impact children's health, the distribution of exposures to many metals, particularly among vulnerable subpopulations, is not well characterized. Objectives: We sought to determine whether neighborhood deprivation was associated with urinary concentrations of thirteen metals and whether observed relationships varied by race/ethnicity. Methods: We obtained neighborhood characteristics from the 2005-2009 American Community Survey. Demographic information and urine samples from 400 healthy young girls in Northern California were obtained during a clinical visit. Urine samples were analyzed for metals using inductively-coupled plasma-mass spectrometry and levels were corrected for creatinine. We ran analysis of variance and generalized linear regression models to estimate associations of urinary metal concentrations with neighborhood deprivation and race/ethnicity and stratified multivariable models to evaluate possible interactions among predictors on metals concentrations. Results: Urinary concentrations of three metals (barium, lead, antimony) varied significantly across neighborhood deprivation quartiles, and four (barium, lead, antimony, tin) varied across race/ethnicity groups. In models adjusted for family income and cotinine, both race/ethnicity (F3,224 = 4.34, p = 0.01) and neighborhood deprivation (F3,224 = 4.32, p = 0.01) were associated with antimony concentrations, but neither were associated with lead, barium, or tin, concentrations. Examining neighborhood deprivation within race/ethnicity groups, barium levels (pinteraction < 0.01) decreased with neighborhood deprivation among Hispanic girls (ptrend < 0.001) and lead levels (pinteraction = 0.06) increased with neighborhood deprivation among Asian girls (ptrend = 0.04). Conclusions: Our results indicate that children's vulnerability to some metals varies by neighborhood deprivation quartile and race/ethnicity. These differential distributions of exposures may contribute to environmental health disparities later in life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-39
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironment International
Volume91
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

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ethnicity
metal
barium
antimony
tin
urine
young
child health
subpopulation
variance analysis
vulnerability
mass spectrometry
income
plasma

Keywords

  • Children
  • Environmental health disparities
  • Lead
  • Metals
  • Vulnerability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Neighborhood deprivation, race/ethnicity, and urinary metal concentrations among young girls in California. / Gonzales, Felisa A.; Jones, Rena R.; Deardorff, Julianna; Windham, Gayle C.; Hiatt, Robert A.; Kushi, Lawrence H.

In: Environment International, Vol. 91, 01.05.2016, p. 29-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gonzales, Felisa A. ; Jones, Rena R. ; Deardorff, Julianna ; Windham, Gayle C. ; Hiatt, Robert A. ; Kushi, Lawrence H. / Neighborhood deprivation, race/ethnicity, and urinary metal concentrations among young girls in California. In: Environment International. 2016 ; Vol. 91. pp. 29-39.
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KW - Vulnerability

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