Negative co-dominant inhibition of recA protein function: Biochemical properties of the recA1, recA13 and recA56 proteins and the effect of recA56 protein on the activities of the wild-type recA protein function in vitro

Scott D. Lauder, Stephen C. Kowalczykowski

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have investigated the biochemical properties of several Escherichia coli mutant recA proteins that display a null phenotype. These are the recA1, recA13 and recA56 proteins, each of which carries a single missense mutation. These proteins all share a common defect which is the inability to adopt the high affinity DNA binding state normally elicited by the nucleotide cofactor ATP. Consequently, other than the ability to bind ssDNA, they possess none of the in vitro enzymatic activities of recA protein. However, each protein has characteristics that are unique, leading to the conclusion that the observed mutant phenotypes arise through fundamentally different mechanisms. Despite the magnitude of these defects, the recA56 protein is able to differentially inhibit various activities of wild-type recA protein. Incorporation of recA56 protein into a presynaptic filament with the wild-type recA protein does not affect the ability of the wild-type protein to hydrolyze ATP, as judged by the turnover number (kcat), provided that the ssDNA concentration is not limiting; however, the affinity of wild-type recA protein for ATP is lowered by the presence of recA56 protein. Similarly, the ability to cleave lexA protein is only modestly inhibited. However, both the ability to compete with SSB protein for ssDNA binding sites and the DNA strand exchange activity of wild-type recA protein are severely inhibited by the presence of recA56 protein. These results suggest that individual monomeric components of the recA protein-DNA filament are translated through protein-protein contacts to become macroscopic properties of the filament.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-86
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume234
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1993

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Rec A Recombinases
Proteins
Adenosine Triphosphate
DNA
In Vitro Techniques
Phenotype
Escherichia coli Proteins
Missense Mutation
Mutant Proteins
Protein Binding
Nucleotides

Keywords

  • ATP binding proteins
  • DNA binding proteins
  • Protein-protein interactions
  • RecA protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

Cite this

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abstract = "We have investigated the biochemical properties of several Escherichia coli mutant recA proteins that display a null phenotype. These are the recA1, recA13 and recA56 proteins, each of which carries a single missense mutation. These proteins all share a common defect which is the inability to adopt the high affinity DNA binding state normally elicited by the nucleotide cofactor ATP. Consequently, other than the ability to bind ssDNA, they possess none of the in vitro enzymatic activities of recA protein. However, each protein has characteristics that are unique, leading to the conclusion that the observed mutant phenotypes arise through fundamentally different mechanisms. Despite the magnitude of these defects, the recA56 protein is able to differentially inhibit various activities of wild-type recA protein. Incorporation of recA56 protein into a presynaptic filament with the wild-type recA protein does not affect the ability of the wild-type protein to hydrolyze ATP, as judged by the turnover number (kcat), provided that the ssDNA concentration is not limiting; however, the affinity of wild-type recA protein for ATP is lowered by the presence of recA56 protein. Similarly, the ability to cleave lexA protein is only modestly inhibited. However, both the ability to compete with SSB protein for ssDNA binding sites and the DNA strand exchange activity of wild-type recA protein are severely inhibited by the presence of recA56 protein. These results suggest that individual monomeric components of the recA protein-DNA filament are translated through protein-protein contacts to become macroscopic properties of the filament.",
keywords = "ATP binding proteins, DNA binding proteins, Protein-protein interactions, RecA protein",
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T1 - Negative co-dominant inhibition of recA protein function

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AU - Lauder, Scott D.

AU - Kowalczykowski, Stephen C.

PY - 1993

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N2 - We have investigated the biochemical properties of several Escherichia coli mutant recA proteins that display a null phenotype. These are the recA1, recA13 and recA56 proteins, each of which carries a single missense mutation. These proteins all share a common defect which is the inability to adopt the high affinity DNA binding state normally elicited by the nucleotide cofactor ATP. Consequently, other than the ability to bind ssDNA, they possess none of the in vitro enzymatic activities of recA protein. However, each protein has characteristics that are unique, leading to the conclusion that the observed mutant phenotypes arise through fundamentally different mechanisms. Despite the magnitude of these defects, the recA56 protein is able to differentially inhibit various activities of wild-type recA protein. Incorporation of recA56 protein into a presynaptic filament with the wild-type recA protein does not affect the ability of the wild-type protein to hydrolyze ATP, as judged by the turnover number (kcat), provided that the ssDNA concentration is not limiting; however, the affinity of wild-type recA protein for ATP is lowered by the presence of recA56 protein. Similarly, the ability to cleave lexA protein is only modestly inhibited. However, both the ability to compete with SSB protein for ssDNA binding sites and the DNA strand exchange activity of wild-type recA protein are severely inhibited by the presence of recA56 protein. These results suggest that individual monomeric components of the recA protein-DNA filament are translated through protein-protein contacts to become macroscopic properties of the filament.

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