An adoptive transfer model was developed for examining natural killer (NK) cell-mediated bone marrow cell (BMC) graft rejection. Homogeneous populations of NK cells were obtained by culturing spleen cells from mice with severe combined immune deficiency in the presence of recombinant interleukin 2 for 7 days. These cells maintained a phenotypic (CD3-CD4-CD8-NK-2.1+ and asialo GM1+) and lytic pattern consistent with that of activated NK cells. The cells were infused into lethally irradiated recipients whose own NK cells were depleted by anti-NK-1.1 antibody treatment and could no longer reject marrow allografts. The transferred NK cells restored the ability of the hosts to reject BMC in a hematopoietic histocompatibility-1 (Hh-1) antigen-specific manner. Immunogenetic studies demonstrated that the rejection was a function of the donor, not host, NK cells. These studies demonstrate that NK cells can be cultured in vitro with recombinant interleukin 2 and are capable of mediating Hh-1-specific BMC rejection in vivo in the absence of other immune cell types.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Aug 1990|
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