BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate freeze-dried cortical allograft bone for nasal dorsal augmentation. The 42-month report on 18 patients was published in 2009 in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery with 89 percent success at level II evidence, and this article is the 10-year comprehensive review of 62 patients. METHODS: All grafts met standards recommended by the American Association of Tissue Banks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Objective evaluation of the persistence of graft volume was obtained by cephalometric radiography, cone beam volumetric computed tomography, and computed tomography at up to 10 years. Vascularization and incorporation of new bone elements within the grafts were demonstrated by fluorine-18 sodium fluoride positron emission tomography at up to 10 years. Subjective estimation of graft volume persisting up to 10 years was obtained by patient response to a query conducted by an independent surveyor. RESULTS: The authors report objective proof of persistence of volume alone or combined with proof of neovascularization in 16 of 19 allografts. The authors report the patient's subjective opinion of volume persistence in 37 of 43 grafts. The dorsal augmentation was assessed overall to be successful in 85 percent of 62 patients evaluated between 1 and 10 years, with a mean of 4.7 years. CONCLUSIONS: Freeze-dried allograft bone is a safe and equal alternative for dorsal augmentation without donor-site morbidity. Further studies are needed to (1) confirm these findings for young patients needing long-term reconstruction, and (2) partially demineralize allograft bone to allow carving with a scalpel. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, IV.
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