Background. Monophosphoryl lipid-A (MLA) has a late window (24 hours) of cardioprotection against acute myocardial infarction. It is not known whether MLA, administered, 24 hours before surgery, attenuates intraoperative ventricular dysfunction 'stunning' associated with aortic cross-clamping and reperfusion during elective cardiac surgery. We determined the dose-response relationship between MLA and ventricular function in a canine model of global myocardial stunning in the absence of necrosis. The role of expression of inducible heat shock protein 70 (HSP 70i) was also investigated. Methods. Mongrel dogs (n = 32) were intravenously injected with either a vehicle solution or 3, 5, 10, 35 ug/kg MLA. Twenty four hours later, dogs were anesthetized and instrumented, in situ, to monitor the left ventricular performance (the slope of regression between stroke-work and end diastolic length). Tissue samples were obtained to determine HSP70i using immunoblot analysis. After a period of equilibration on cardiopulmonary bypass, the aortic cross-clamp was applied at normothermia for 30 minutes followed by 60 minutes of reperfusion. ATP and catabolites were determined in transmural myocardial biopsies. Triphenyl-tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was used to determine myocardial necrosis. Results. MLA treatment did not alter myocardial contractility or ATP metabolism. Global ischemia resulted in about 50% depletion of ATP and remained depressed during reperfusion in all groups. MLA- treated hearts had improved functional recovery in a dose dependent-manner. Significant recovery was observed at the highest dose (35 ug/kg) compared to the control group. Immunoblot analysis demonstrated significant increase in HSP 70i in the MLA- treated hearts. Conclusions. MLA exhibits a delayed (24 hours) window of protection against myocardial stunning associated with aortic cross-clamping. HSP70i expression may play a role in MLA- mediated cardioprotection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine