Myocardial po2 does not limit aerobic metabolism in the postischemic heart

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Abstract

Reperfused hypertrophic hearts are prone to develop reflow abnormalities, which are likely to impair O2 return to the myocardium. Yet, reflow deficit may not be the only factor determining postischemic oxygenation in the hypertrophic heart. Altered O2 demand may also contribute to hypoxia. In addition, the extent to which myocardial PO2 dictates energy and functional recovery in the reperfused heart remains uncertain. In the present study, moderately hypertrophied hearts from spontaneously hypertensive rats were subjected to ischemia-reperfusion, and the recovery time courses of pH and high-energy phosphates were followed by 31P NMR. 1H NMR measurement of intracellular myoglobin assessed tissue O2 levels. The present study found that the exacerbation of hypoxia in the postischemic spontaneously hypertensive rat heart arises mostly from impaired microvascular supply of O2. However, postischemic myocardial PO2, at least when it exceeds ~18% of the preischemic level, does not limit mitochondrial respiration and highenergy phosphate resynthesis. It only passively reflects changes in the O2 supply-demand balance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H226-H238
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume310
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

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Keywords

  • Myocardial hypertrophy
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • Oxygen
  • pH
  • Reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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