Mycoplasma sturni from a California house finch with conjunctivitis Did Not cause disease in experimentally infected house finches

David H. Ley, Nancy Anderson, Keila V. Dhondt, André A. Dhondt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mycoplasma gallisepticum conjunctivitis emerged in 1994 as a disease of free-ranging House Finches (Carpodacus mexicanas) in North America and has also been isolated from other songbirds with conjunctivitis. A key feature for the successful study of natural and experimental disease has been the apparent, very-high correlation between characteristic eye lesions and M. gallisepticum. Mycoplasma sturni was originally isolated from an adult European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) with bilateral conjunctivitis and has since been reported in a relatively small number of other avian species, but not in House Finches. We identified as M. sturni a mycoplasma isolate from a California House Finch with conjunctivitis. However, experimental infection of House Finches with the M. sturni isolate failed to reproduce the disease. Therefore, M. gallisepticum remains the primary known cause of conjunctivitis in House Finches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)994-999
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carpodacus mexicanas
  • Conjunctivitis
  • House finch
  • Mycoplasma gallisepticum
  • Mycoplasma sturni

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

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