Mutations in the gene encoding the α-subunit of rod phosphodiesterase in consanguineous Pakistani families

S. Amer Riazuddin, Fareeha Zulfiqar, Qingjiong Zhang, Wenliang Yao, Shouling Li, Xiaodong Jiao, Amber Shahzadi, Muhammad Amer, Muhammad Iqbal, Tayyab Hussnain, Paul Sieving, Sheikh Riazuddin, J. Fielding Hejtmancik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To localize and identify the gene and mutations causing autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in consanguineous Pakistani families. Methods: Families were ascertained and patients underwent complete ophthalmological examinations. Blood samples were collected and DNA was extracted. A genome-wide scan was performed using 382 polymorphic microsatellite markers on genomic DNA from affected and unaffected family members, and lod scores were calculated. Results: A genome-wide scan of 50 families gave a lod score of 7.4172 with D5S2015 using HOMOG1. RP in all 4 linked families mapped to a 13.85 cM (14.87 Mb) region on chromosome 5q31-33 flanked by D5S2090 and D5S422. This region harbors the PDE6A gene, which is known to cause autosomal recessive RP. Sequencing of PDE6A showed a homozygous single base pair change; c.889C->T, single base pair insertion; c.2218-2219insT, and single base pair substitution in the splice acceptor site; IVS10-2A->G in each of three families. In the fourth family linked to this region, no disease-causing mutation was identified in the PDE6A gene. Conclusions: These results provide strong evidence that mutations in PDE6A result in recessive RP in three consanguineous Pakistani families. Although a fourth family was linked to markers in the 5q31-33 interval, no mutation was identified in PDE6A.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1283-1291
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular vision
Volume12
StatePublished - Oct 26 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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