Mutations in the β-subunit of rod phosphodiesterase identified in consanguineous Pakistani families with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa

Shahbaz Ali, S. Amer Riazuddin, Amber Shahzadi, Idrees A. Nasir, Shaheen N. Khan, Tayyab Husnain, Javed Akram, Paul A. Sieving, J. Fielding Hejtmancik, Sheikh Riazuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study was designed to identify pathogenic mutations causing autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in consanguineous Pakistani families. Methods: Two consanguineous families affected with autosomal recessive RP were identified from the Punjab Province of Pakistan. All affected individuals underwent a thorough ophthalmologic examination. Blood samples were collected, and genomic DNAs were extracted. Exclusion analysis was completed, and two-point LOD scores were calculated. Bidirectional sequencing of the β subunit of phosphodiesterase 6 (PDE6β) was completed. Results: During exclusion analyses both families localized to chromosome 4p, harboring PDE6β, a gene previously associated with autosomal recessive RP. Sequencing of PDE6β identified missense mutations: c.1655G>A (p.R552Q) and c.1160C>T (p.P387L) in families PKRP161 and PKRP183, respectively. Bioinformatic analyses suggested that both mutations are deleterious for the native three-dimensional structure of the PDE6β protein. Conclusions: These results strongly suggest that mutations in PDE6β are responsible for the disease phenotype in the consanguineous Pakistani families.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1373-1380
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular vision
Volume17
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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