Musculoskeletal infection

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Manifestation of musculoskeletal infection in children depends on the developmental anatomy of bones and in particular its changing vascular supply. Thus, it is essential to understand this process thoroughly. Osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and cellulitis are relatively common. There are three accepted stages of osteomyelitis- acute, subacute, and chronic. Each has a unique presentation and imaging appearance, but they can be confused with other entities. Radiology, ultrasound, nuclear imaging, CT, and MRI each play a critical role depending on the clinical scenario and the suspected pathogen. Much of this discussion focuses on common bacterial infections (including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), but meningococcemia, tuberculosis, fungal infections, and syphilis are also discussed. In addition, the chapter presents manifestations of osteomyelitis in unique locations, such as the epiphysis, the pelvis, and the spine, and in unique patient populations, such as those with sickle-cell disease. Although chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis is auto-inflammatory rather than infectious, we include it here as well.Abstract Manifestation of musculoskeletal infection in children depends on the developmental anatomy of bones and in particular its changing vascular supply. Thus, it is essential to understand this process thoroughly. Osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and cellulitis are relatively common. There are three accepted stages of osteomyelitis- acute, subacute, and chronic. Each has a unique presentation and imaging appearance, but they can be confused with other entities. Radiology, ultrasound, nuclear imaging, CT, and MRI each play a critical role depending on the clinical scenario and the suspected pathogen. Much of this discussion focuses on common bacterial infections (including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), but meningococcemia, tuberculosis, fungal infections, and syphilis are also discussed. In addition, the chapter presents manifestations of osteomyelitis in unique locations, such as the epiphysis, the pelvis, and the spine, and in unique patient populations, such as those with sickle-cell disease. Although chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis is auto-inflammatory rather than infectious, we include it here as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPediatric Orthopedic Imaging
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages609-650
Number of pages42
ISBN (Print)9783642453816, 9783642453809
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Stein-Wexler, R. (2015). Musculoskeletal infection. In Pediatric Orthopedic Imaging (pp. 609-650). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-45381-6_19