Muscle metabolism of professional athletes using 31p-spectroscopy

Jürgen Mäurer, P. Konstanczak, O. Söllner, T. Ehrenstein, Friedrich D Knollmann, R. Wolff, T. J. Vogl, R. Felix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Purpose: The aim of the study was to examine muscle metabolism in athletes by 31P-spectroscopy (MRS) and to evaluate to what degree the respective resonance spectrum correlates with the kind of muscle exercise. Material and Methods: Twelve runners and 12 young ice skaters were studied by 31P-spectroscopy of the gastrocnemic medialis muscle and the vastus medialis muscle using a surface coil at 1.5 T. Results: Sprinters displayed a higher phosphocreatinine/inorganic phosphate (PCr/Pi) and PCr/β-ATP ratios than marathon runners. The respective parameters for middle distance runners were in between. Ice skaters could prospectively be divided into sprint-and long-distance runners by our results which correlated with the athletes' training performance. Conclusion: 31P-spectroscopy can evaluate the distribution of muscle fiber types. Thus, the athlete's potential for sprint-or long-distance running can be determined. Additional studies will have to demonstrate to what extent training may change muscle fiber distribution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-77
Number of pages5
JournalActa Radiologica
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • MR imaging
  • MR spectroscopy
  • Muscles, Metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology


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