Murine hippocampal neurons expressing Fmr1 gene premutations show early developmental deficits and late degeneration

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Abstract

Premutation CGG repeat expansions (55-200 CGG repeats; preCGG) within the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene give rise to the neurodegenerative disorder, fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS), primary ovarian insufficiency and neurodevelopmental problems. Morphometric analysis of Map2B immunofluorescence reveals that neurons cultured from heterozygous female mice with preCGG repeats in defined medium display shorter dendritic lengths and fewer branches between 7 and 21 days in vitro compared with wild-type (WT) littermates. Although the numbers of synapsin and phalloidin puncta do not differ from WT, preCGG neurons possess larger puncta. PreCGG neurons display lower viability, and express elevated stress protein as they mature. PreCGG neurons have inherently different patterns of growth, dendritic complexity and synaptic architecture discernable early in the neuronal trajectory to maturation, and may reflect a cellular basis for the developmental component of the spectrum of clinical involvement in carriers of premutation alleles. The reduced viability of preCGG neurons is consistent with the mRNA toxicity and neurodegeneration associated with FXTAS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberddp479
Pages (from-to)196-208
Number of pages13
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 21 2009

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Neurons
Genes
Synapsins
Primary Ovarian Insufficiency
Phalloidine
Heat-Shock Proteins
Intellectual Disability
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Alleles
Messenger RNA
Growth
Fragile X Tremor Ataxia Syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Murine hippocampal neurons expressing Fmr1 gene premutations show early developmental deficits and late degeneration",
abstract = "Premutation CGG repeat expansions (55-200 CGG repeats; preCGG) within the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene give rise to the neurodegenerative disorder, fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS), primary ovarian insufficiency and neurodevelopmental problems. Morphometric analysis of Map2B immunofluorescence reveals that neurons cultured from heterozygous female mice with preCGG repeats in defined medium display shorter dendritic lengths and fewer branches between 7 and 21 days in vitro compared with wild-type (WT) littermates. Although the numbers of synapsin and phalloidin puncta do not differ from WT, preCGG neurons possess larger puncta. PreCGG neurons display lower viability, and express elevated stress protein as they mature. PreCGG neurons have inherently different patterns of growth, dendritic complexity and synaptic architecture discernable early in the neuronal trajectory to maturation, and may reflect a cellular basis for the developmental component of the spectrum of clinical involvement in carriers of premutation alleles. The reduced viability of preCGG neurons is consistent with the mRNA toxicity and neurodegeneration associated with FXTAS.",
author = "Yucui Chen and Flora Tassone and Berman, {Robert F} and Hagerman, {Paul J} and Hagerman, {Randi J} and Rob Willemsen and Pessah, {Isaac N}",
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AU - Tassone, Flora

AU - Berman, Robert F

AU - Hagerman, Paul J

AU - Hagerman, Randi J

AU - Willemsen, Rob

AU - Pessah, Isaac N

PY - 2009/10/21

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N2 - Premutation CGG repeat expansions (55-200 CGG repeats; preCGG) within the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene give rise to the neurodegenerative disorder, fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS), primary ovarian insufficiency and neurodevelopmental problems. Morphometric analysis of Map2B immunofluorescence reveals that neurons cultured from heterozygous female mice with preCGG repeats in defined medium display shorter dendritic lengths and fewer branches between 7 and 21 days in vitro compared with wild-type (WT) littermates. Although the numbers of synapsin and phalloidin puncta do not differ from WT, preCGG neurons possess larger puncta. PreCGG neurons display lower viability, and express elevated stress protein as they mature. PreCGG neurons have inherently different patterns of growth, dendritic complexity and synaptic architecture discernable early in the neuronal trajectory to maturation, and may reflect a cellular basis for the developmental component of the spectrum of clinical involvement in carriers of premutation alleles. The reduced viability of preCGG neurons is consistent with the mRNA toxicity and neurodegeneration associated with FXTAS.

AB - Premutation CGG repeat expansions (55-200 CGG repeats; preCGG) within the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene give rise to the neurodegenerative disorder, fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS), primary ovarian insufficiency and neurodevelopmental problems. Morphometric analysis of Map2B immunofluorescence reveals that neurons cultured from heterozygous female mice with preCGG repeats in defined medium display shorter dendritic lengths and fewer branches between 7 and 21 days in vitro compared with wild-type (WT) littermates. Although the numbers of synapsin and phalloidin puncta do not differ from WT, preCGG neurons possess larger puncta. PreCGG neurons display lower viability, and express elevated stress protein as they mature. PreCGG neurons have inherently different patterns of growth, dendritic complexity and synaptic architecture discernable early in the neuronal trajectory to maturation, and may reflect a cellular basis for the developmental component of the spectrum of clinical involvement in carriers of premutation alleles. The reduced viability of preCGG neurons is consistent with the mRNA toxicity and neurodegeneration associated with FXTAS.

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