Multiscale Hessian filtering for enhancement of OCT angiography images

Ratheesh K. Meleppat, Eric B. Miller, Suman K. Manna, Pengfei Zhang, Edward N Pugh Jr, Robert Zawadzki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


The comprehensive architectural analysis of the retinal vasculature would greatly aid with the diagnosis and management of many ocular diseases. Optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is a powerful micrometerlevel resolution, high sensitivity, and potentially large field of view retinal imaging modality that allows assessment of 2D and 3D microvascular networks. However, the quality of retinal OCTA images are often degraded by the noise and poor vascular contrast. Digital image filters are widely used in medical diagnostic to selectively enhance specific local intensity profiles or structures such as vasculatures. Most successful feature enhancement filters employ Hessian matrix and eigen values-based approach. In this paper, we demonstrate the feasibility of multiscale Hessian filters for the enhancement of the OCTA images of a mouse retina. We show that the enhancement filter based on the ratio of Hessian eigenvalues proposed by Jerman et al. (Jerman filter) performs better than the most commonly used Frangi's method. This improved performance included close-to-uniform response in all vascular structures and enhancement of visibility of vascular structures with non-circular cross-sections. To evaluate and compare performance, different multi-scale Hessian filtering was performed on OCTA images of different inner retina vascular beds of a mouse eye.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOphthalmic Technologies XXIX
EditorsPer G. Soderberg, Fabrice Manns, Arthur Ho
ISBN (Electronic)9781510623583
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Event29th Conference on Ophthalmic Technologies - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Feb 2 2019Feb 3 2019

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


Conference29th Conference on Ophthalmic Technologies
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco


  • Angiography
  • Hessian filtering
  • Image enhancement
  • Optical coherence tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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