Multiplexed immunoassays for proteins using magnetic luminescent nanoparticles for internal calibration

Mikaela Nichkova, Dosi Dosev, Shirley J. Gee, Bruce D. Hammock, Ian M. Kennedy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Suspension arrays present a promising tool for multiplexed assays in large-scale screening applications. A simple and robust platform for quantitative multiprotein immunoanalysis has been developed with the use of magnetic Co:Nd:Fe2O3/luminescent Eu:Gd2O3 core/shell nanoparticles (MLNPs) as a carrier. The magnetic properties of the MLNPs allow their manipulation by an external magnetic field in the separation and washing steps in the immunoassay. Their optical properties enable the internal calibration of the detection system. The multiplexed sandwich immunoassay involves dual binding events on the surface of the MLNPs functionalized with the capture antibodies. Secondary antibodies labeled with conventional organic dyes (Alexa Fluor) are used as reporters. The amount of the bound secondary antibody is directly proportional to the concentration of the analyte in the sample. In our approach, the fluorescence intensity of the reporter dye is related to the luminescence signal of the MLNPs. In this way, the intrinsic luminescence of the MLNPs serves as an internal standard in the quantitative immunoassay. The concept is demonstrated for a simultaneous immunoassay for three model proteins (human, rabbit, and mouse IgGs). The method uses a standard bench plate reader. It can be applied to disease diagnostics and to the detection of biological threats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-40
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007


  • Lanthanide oxide
  • Luminescence
  • Magnetic
  • Multiplex immunoassay
  • Nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology


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