Multiple Forms of Aromatase in Suiformes: Tissue Distribution, Regulation, and Functional Significance

Alan J Conley, Veronica N. Orr, Brian C. Trainor, Trish Berger, Austin Hughes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pigs have three CYP19 genes encoding functional paralogues of aromatase cytochrome P450 expressed tissue specifically in the gonads/hypothalamus, placenta, and preimplantation blastocyst. Gene duplication is predicted to have relaxed selection pressure and allowed evolution of enzyme function. All isozymes catalyze estrogen synthesis. However, the "gonadal/ hypothalamic" form (ghP450arom) is unique among mammalian aromatases in also synthesizing a nonaromatizable, biopotent testosterone metabolite, 1OH-testosterone (1OH-T) that is hypothesized to have promoted increased ovulation rate and litter size. High ghP450arom expression in porcine testis facilitates study of differential regulation in hypothalamus and gonads that is not possible in other species. These, the first such studies in pig brain, demonstrate unusual aspects of P450arom expression and regulation in the hypothalamus, offering promise of gaining better insight into roles of P450arom in reproductive function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBrain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199979837, 9780199841196
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 24 2013

Keywords

  • Aromatase
  • Domestic pig
  • Evolution
  • Gene duplication
  • Gonads
  • Hypothalamus
  • Placenta
  • Reproductive function
  • Suiforme

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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    Conley, A. J., Orr, V. N., Trainor, B. C., Berger, T., & Hughes, A. (2013). Multiple Forms of Aromatase in Suiformes: Tissue Distribution, Regulation, and Functional Significance. In Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0004