MR evidence of temporomandibular joint fluid and condyle marrow alterations: Occurrence in asymptomatic volunteers and symptomatic patients

Tore A. Larheim, Richard W Katzberg, Per Lennart Westesson, Ross H. Tallents, Mark E. Moss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to estimate the frequency and amount of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) fluid, as well as the frequency and type of condyle marrow alterations in asymptomatic volunteers and compare to patients with TMJ pain and dysfunction. Proton-density and T2 weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images of the TMJs of 62 asymptomatic volunteers and 58 symptomatic patients were analysed for fluid and condyle marrow alterations as well as disk position. The amount of fluid (increased T2 signal) was characterized as none, minimal, moderate or marked and related to the disk position. The differentiation between moderate and marked fluid was based on the maximum amount of fluid seen in the volunteers; more than this amount was categorized as marked fluid. The marrow of the mandibular condyle was categorized as normal, edema (increased T2 signal) or sclerosis (decreased proton-density and T2 signal) and related to fluid and disk position. In the 62 asymptomatic volunteers, 50 (81%) had none or minimal and 12 (19%) had moderate TMJ fluid. In the 58 symptomatic patients, 40 (69%) had none or minimal and 18 (31%) had moderate or marked fluid. Both in volunteers and patients, moderate fluid could be seen in joints with normal disk position, but was significantly associated with disk displacement. In the 62 volunteers, no signal abnormalities in the condyle marrow were found. In the 58 patients, six (10%) had abnormal bone marrow. These six patients had disk displacement and two had moderate or marked fluid. Marked fluid and condyle marrow abnormalities were therefore not encountered in any of the asymptomatic volunteers but in about 10% of the patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-117
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2001

Keywords

  • Bone marrow edema
  • Bone marrow necrosis
  • Internal derangement
  • Joint fluid
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Temporomandibular joint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery
  • Dentistry(all)

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