Mouse hepatitis virus and host determinants of vertical transmission and maternally-derived passive immunity in mice

Stephen W Barthold, Deborah S. Beck, Abigail L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transmission of mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) in utero following oronasal inoculation of pregnant mice was found to depend upon MHV strain and host genotype. Virulent, polytropic MHV-JHM was recovered from multiple maternal tissues, including liver and uterus, as well as placenta and fetus in susceptible BALB/cByJ mice. Fetuses were infected during all 3 trimesters of pregnancy. Low virulence, polytropic MHV-S infected fetuses in a low percentage of susceptible BALB/cByJ dams. Infection of resistant CD-1 mice with MHV-JHM was limited, with no fetal infection. Enterotropic MHV-Y was largely restricted to intestine of BALB/cByJ and CD-1 dams, with minimal dissemination and no fetal infection. Maternally-derived MHV IgG antibody was detectable in pup sera through 4 weeks of age. Antibody titers were generally lower in second litters of the same dam. Cross-fostering experiments showed that antibody was transferred via colostrum and not in utero, and that pups were capable of absorption through 2 weeks of age. Pups nursing immune dams were protected against MHV challenge at 1 and 2 weeks of age, compared to pups nursing naive dams. Immunity to MHV challenge was cross-protective against both antigenically homotypic and heterotypic strains of MHV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-183
Number of pages13
JournalArchives of Virology
Volume100
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Genetics

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