Morphometric evaluation of pulmonary lesions in rats exposed to ozone

Charles Plopper, D. L. Dungworth, W. S. Tyler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Four hours exposure to 3 ppm ozone produces morphometrically quantifiable alterations in the lungs of rats. Lungs of exposed rats were fixed either immediately after exposure or after a 12 hr recovery period, and the tissue was evaluated using stereologic technics with both the light and electron microscopes. Immediately after exposure, the volume fraction of nonparenchymal tissue was larger (0.057) than for controls (0.045); that of the lumina of large vessels decreased (0.039) from the control value (0.059). The nonparenchymal tissue fraction was 0.053 12 hr later, while the luminal fraction (0.054) resembled the control value. The colume fractions of parenchyma, total tissue and air space showed only slight changes. Ozone also affects all 3 components of the air blood barrier, primarily by the production of intracellular edema. The arithmetic mean thickness of the pulmonary blood air barrier increased from 1.385 ± 0.095 μ in unexposed rats to 1.700 ± 0.189 μ in rats immediately after exposure. The primary increase was in thickness of membranous epithelial and capillary endothelial cells. Partial recovery of total barrier thickness (1.582 ± 0.292 μ) occurred 12 hr after exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-408
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume71
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 1973

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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