Morphometric analysis of the cranial cavity and caudal cranial fossa in the dog: A computerized tomographic study

Isabel García-Real, Philip H Kass, Beverly Sturges, Erik R Wisner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations


This investigation was initiated to develop a reliable and simple computerized tomography (CT) method for evaluating the morphometry of the cranial cavity (CC) and caudal cranial fossa in the dog. We obtained linear, area, and volume measurements of the entire CC and the caudal fossa compartment in 24 dogs, using transverse and reformatted sagittal and dorsal CT images. The ratios between the CC and the caudal fossa volumes were calculated, as were the ratios between the CC and caudal fossa midsagittal (MS) areas. There were statistically significant correlations between absolute volume data and certain linear measurements, a positive correlation between volume ratio and weight, and significant differences in absolute volume values and volume ratio between males and females. The volume ratio, MS area, and certain linear measurements included in this study can be considered as accurate parameters to evaluate the relative size of the CC to caudal fossa in the dog. Such quantitative measures may be useful in systematically characterizing Chiari-type malformations and other developmental anomalies in the dog.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Radiology and Ultrasound
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2004



  • Arnold-Chiari syndrome
  • Caudal cranial fossa
  • Computerized tomography
  • Dog
  • Morphometry
  • Skull

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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