Morphogenesis of early 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced lesions and latent period reduction of colon carcinogenesis in mice by a variant of Citrobacter freundii

Stephen W Barthold, A. M. Jonas

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62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The morphogenesis of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced lesions in the colon of outbred NIH Swiss mice was determined for up to 5 months of treatment. The effect of hyperplasia on DMH carcinogenesis was also evaluated by introducing a transient hyperplastic stimulus to the colon during the chronic weekly treatment regimen of DMH. The hyperplastic stimulus was a naturally occurring disease of mice, transmissible murine colonic hyperplasia, which is caused by a variant of Citrobacter freundii. In control mice, those not receiving the bacterium, weekly injections of the carcinogen induced neoplastic changes first detectable at two months of treatment in all segments of the colon and in both sexes. The changes increased in frequency and severity with time. Diffuse mucosal hyperplasia and chronic inflammatory and degenerative changes were also associated with DMH after prolonged treatment. The hyperplastic stimulus of C. freundii reduced the latent period for appearance of early DMH tumors, but it had no influence on already established DMH tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4352-4360
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Research
Volume37
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Citrobacter freundii
1,2-Dimethylhydrazine
Morphogenesis
Colon
Carcinogenesis
Hyperplasia
Therapeutics
Carcinogens
Neoplasms
Bacteria
Injections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

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abstract = "The morphogenesis of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced lesions in the colon of outbred NIH Swiss mice was determined for up to 5 months of treatment. The effect of hyperplasia on DMH carcinogenesis was also evaluated by introducing a transient hyperplastic stimulus to the colon during the chronic weekly treatment regimen of DMH. The hyperplastic stimulus was a naturally occurring disease of mice, transmissible murine colonic hyperplasia, which is caused by a variant of Citrobacter freundii. In control mice, those not receiving the bacterium, weekly injections of the carcinogen induced neoplastic changes first detectable at two months of treatment in all segments of the colon and in both sexes. The changes increased in frequency and severity with time. Diffuse mucosal hyperplasia and chronic inflammatory and degenerative changes were also associated with DMH after prolonged treatment. The hyperplastic stimulus of C. freundii reduced the latent period for appearance of early DMH tumors, but it had no influence on already established DMH tumors.",
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