Morbillivirus infection in stranded common dolphins from the pacific ocean

Thomas H. Reidarson, Jim McBain, Carol House, Donald P. King, Jeffrey L Stott, Amy Krafft, Jeffery K. Taubenberger, John Heyning, Thomas P. Lipscomb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

From August 1995 to August 1997, six of 18 common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) that stranded along beaches of southern California (USA) tested antibody positive for dolphin morbillivirus (DMV). Titers ascertained by virus neutralization ranged from 1:50 to 1:910 while those determined by ELISA ranged from 1:80 to 1:195. The first individual to strand survived and was released back into the Pacific Ocean 14 mo later. Histopathologic examination of tissues from the other five dolphins did not reveal lesions characteristic of morbilliviral disease; however, morbilliviral RNA was detected in three of the five by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction testing. This is the first report of morbilliviral infection in any marine mammal species in the northern hemisphere of the Pacific Ocean. These data indicate that DMV, or a closely related morbillivirus, is present in the Pacific Ocean and infection of common dolphins may not be associated with morbillivirus disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-776
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Wildlife Diseases
Volume34
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1998

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Morbillivirus Infections
Common Dolphins
Morbillivirus
Pacific Ocean
dolphin
dolphins
Dolphins
ocean
infection
Infection
Viral Load
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
marine mammal
marine mammals
neutralization tests
Mammals
neutralization
lesion
lesions (animal)
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

Keywords

  • Delphinus delphis
  • Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay
  • Morbillivirus
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • Rehabilitation
  • Virus neutralization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Reidarson, T. H., McBain, J., House, C., King, D. P., Stott, J. L., Krafft, A., ... Lipscomb, T. P. (1998). Morbillivirus infection in stranded common dolphins from the pacific ocean. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 34(4), 771-776.

Morbillivirus infection in stranded common dolphins from the pacific ocean. / Reidarson, Thomas H.; McBain, Jim; House, Carol; King, Donald P.; Stott, Jeffrey L; Krafft, Amy; Taubenberger, Jeffery K.; Heyning, John; Lipscomb, Thomas P.

In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases, Vol. 34, No. 4, 10.1998, p. 771-776.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reidarson, TH, McBain, J, House, C, King, DP, Stott, JL, Krafft, A, Taubenberger, JK, Heyning, J & Lipscomb, TP 1998, 'Morbillivirus infection in stranded common dolphins from the pacific ocean', Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 771-776.
Reidarson TH, McBain J, House C, King DP, Stott JL, Krafft A et al. Morbillivirus infection in stranded common dolphins from the pacific ocean. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 1998 Oct;34(4):771-776.
Reidarson, Thomas H. ; McBain, Jim ; House, Carol ; King, Donald P. ; Stott, Jeffrey L ; Krafft, Amy ; Taubenberger, Jeffery K. ; Heyning, John ; Lipscomb, Thomas P. / Morbillivirus infection in stranded common dolphins from the pacific ocean. In: Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 1998 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 771-776.
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