Morbidity of diverting ileostomy for rectal cancer: Analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program

Mehraneh D. Jafari, Wissam J Halabi, Fariba Jafari, Vinh Q. Nguyen, Michael J. Stamos, Joseph C. Carmichael, Steven D. Mills, Alessio Pigazzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is controversy regarding the potential benefits of diverting ileostomy after low anterior resection (LAR). This study aims to examine the morbidity associated with diverting ileostomy in rectal cancer. A retrospective review of LAR cases was performed using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (2005 to 2011). Patients who underwent LAR with and without diversion were selected. Demographics, intraoperative events, and postoperative complications were reviewed. Among the 6337 cases sampled, 991 (16%) received a diverting ileostomy. Patients who were diverted were younger (60 vs 63 years), predominantly male (64 vs 53%), and more likely to have received pre-operative radiation (39 vs 12%). There was no significant difference in steroid use, weight loss, or intraoperative transfusion. Postoperatively, there was no significant difference in length of stay, rate of septic complications, wound infections, and mortality. The rate of reoperation was lower in the diverted group (4.5 vs 6.9%). Diversion was associated with a higher risk-adjusted rate of acute renal failure (OR 2.4; 95% CI (1.2, 4.6); P <0.05). The use of diverting ileostomy reduces the rate of reoperation but is associated with an increased risk of acute renal insufficiency. These findings emphasize the need for refinement of patient selection and close follow-up to limit morbidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1034-1039
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume79
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Jafari, M. D., Halabi, W. J., Jafari, F., Nguyen, V. Q., Stamos, M. J., Carmichael, J. C., Mills, S. D., & Pigazzi, A. (2013). Morbidity of diverting ileostomy for rectal cancer: Analysis of the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. American Surgeon, 79(10), 1034-1039.