Monoclonal antibodies against the C(epsilon)mX domain of human membrane-bound IgE and their potential use for targeting IgE-expressing B cells.

Huan Yuan Chen, Fu-Tong Liu, Charlie M H Hou, Janice S W Huang, Bhavya Bhavna Sharma, Tse Wen Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: IgE mediates immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions responsible for various allergic symptoms. It is secreted by IgE-producing plasma cells, which differentiate from B cells expressing membrane-bound IgE (mIgE) on their surface. The epsilon-chain of human mIgE contains a membrane-anchoring peptide and an extra 52-amino-acid (a.a.)-long domain (referred to as C(epsilon)mX) between the membrane anchor and the CH4 domain. OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to evaluate the effects of C(epsilon)mX-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to target IgE-expressing B cells and decrease IgE production. METHODS: A C(epsilon)mX-containing IgG1.Fc fusion protein was produced in CHO cells and used to immunize mice; five hybridoma clones secreting C(epsilon)mX-specific mAbs were obtained. RESULTS: Characterization of the mAbs using ELISA, immunoprecipitation, and immunoblotting methods showed that they could bind to both native and denatured forms of C(epsilon)mX. The mAbs exhibited mutual inhibition of binding to mIgE. Epitope mapping using synthetic peptides revealed that all five mAbs recognize the same epitope, RADWPGPP, located near the C-terminus of C(epsilon)mX. Binding of one of the mAbs to mIgE on SKO-007 cells induced the cross-linking of mIgE molecules on the cell surface, resulting in their patching and capping. In vitro functional analysis revealed that mAbs are able to cause complement-mediated cytotoxicity on transfectants expressing the Fc portion of mIgE. CONCLUSION: We have prepared several human mIgE-specific mAbs. The potential of the mAbs on targeting mIgE+ B cells was demonstrated by CDC analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-324
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Volume128
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Immunoglobulin E
B-Lymphocytes
Monoclonal Antibodies
Membranes
Epitope Mapping
Immediate Hypersensitivity
Peptides
CHO Cells
Hybridomas
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Plasma Cells
Immunoprecipitation
Immunoblotting
Epitopes
Clone Cells
Immunoglobulin G
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Cell Membrane
Amino Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Monoclonal antibodies against the C(epsilon)mX domain of human membrane-bound IgE and their potential use for targeting IgE-expressing B cells. / Chen, Huan Yuan; Liu, Fu-Tong; Hou, Charlie M H; Huang, Janice S W; Sharma, Bhavya Bhavna; Chang, Tse Wen.

In: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, Vol. 128, No. 4, 08.2002, p. 315-324.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Huan Yuan ; Liu, Fu-Tong ; Hou, Charlie M H ; Huang, Janice S W ; Sharma, Bhavya Bhavna ; Chang, Tse Wen. / Monoclonal antibodies against the C(epsilon)mX domain of human membrane-bound IgE and their potential use for targeting IgE-expressing B cells. In: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology. 2002 ; Vol. 128, No. 4. pp. 315-324.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: IgE mediates immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions responsible for various allergic symptoms. It is secreted by IgE-producing plasma cells, which differentiate from B cells expressing membrane-bound IgE (mIgE) on their surface. The epsilon-chain of human mIgE contains a membrane-anchoring peptide and an extra 52-amino-acid (a.a.)-long domain (referred to as C(epsilon)mX) between the membrane anchor and the CH4 domain. OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to evaluate the effects of C(epsilon)mX-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to target IgE-expressing B cells and decrease IgE production. METHODS: A C(epsilon)mX-containing IgG1.Fc fusion protein was produced in CHO cells and used to immunize mice; five hybridoma clones secreting C(epsilon)mX-specific mAbs were obtained. RESULTS: Characterization of the mAbs using ELISA, immunoprecipitation, and immunoblotting methods showed that they could bind to both native and denatured forms of C(epsilon)mX. The mAbs exhibited mutual inhibition of binding to mIgE. Epitope mapping using synthetic peptides revealed that all five mAbs recognize the same epitope, RADWPGPP, located near the C-terminus of C(epsilon)mX. Binding of one of the mAbs to mIgE on SKO-007 cells induced the cross-linking of mIgE molecules on the cell surface, resulting in their patching and capping. In vitro functional analysis revealed that mAbs are able to cause complement-mediated cytotoxicity on transfectants expressing the Fc portion of mIgE. CONCLUSION: We have prepared several human mIgE-specific mAbs. The potential of the mAbs on targeting mIgE+ B cells was demonstrated by CDC analysis.",
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AU - Chen, Huan Yuan

AU - Liu, Fu-Tong

AU - Hou, Charlie M H

AU - Huang, Janice S W

AU - Sharma, Bhavya Bhavna

AU - Chang, Tse Wen

PY - 2002/8

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N2 - BACKGROUND: IgE mediates immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions responsible for various allergic symptoms. It is secreted by IgE-producing plasma cells, which differentiate from B cells expressing membrane-bound IgE (mIgE) on their surface. The epsilon-chain of human mIgE contains a membrane-anchoring peptide and an extra 52-amino-acid (a.a.)-long domain (referred to as C(epsilon)mX) between the membrane anchor and the CH4 domain. OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to evaluate the effects of C(epsilon)mX-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to target IgE-expressing B cells and decrease IgE production. METHODS: A C(epsilon)mX-containing IgG1.Fc fusion protein was produced in CHO cells and used to immunize mice; five hybridoma clones secreting C(epsilon)mX-specific mAbs were obtained. RESULTS: Characterization of the mAbs using ELISA, immunoprecipitation, and immunoblotting methods showed that they could bind to both native and denatured forms of C(epsilon)mX. The mAbs exhibited mutual inhibition of binding to mIgE. Epitope mapping using synthetic peptides revealed that all five mAbs recognize the same epitope, RADWPGPP, located near the C-terminus of C(epsilon)mX. Binding of one of the mAbs to mIgE on SKO-007 cells induced the cross-linking of mIgE molecules on the cell surface, resulting in their patching and capping. In vitro functional analysis revealed that mAbs are able to cause complement-mediated cytotoxicity on transfectants expressing the Fc portion of mIgE. CONCLUSION: We have prepared several human mIgE-specific mAbs. The potential of the mAbs on targeting mIgE+ B cells was demonstrated by CDC analysis.

AB - BACKGROUND: IgE mediates immediate-type hypersensitivity reactions responsible for various allergic symptoms. It is secreted by IgE-producing plasma cells, which differentiate from B cells expressing membrane-bound IgE (mIgE) on their surface. The epsilon-chain of human mIgE contains a membrane-anchoring peptide and an extra 52-amino-acid (a.a.)-long domain (referred to as C(epsilon)mX) between the membrane anchor and the CH4 domain. OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to evaluate the effects of C(epsilon)mX-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to target IgE-expressing B cells and decrease IgE production. METHODS: A C(epsilon)mX-containing IgG1.Fc fusion protein was produced in CHO cells and used to immunize mice; five hybridoma clones secreting C(epsilon)mX-specific mAbs were obtained. RESULTS: Characterization of the mAbs using ELISA, immunoprecipitation, and immunoblotting methods showed that they could bind to both native and denatured forms of C(epsilon)mX. The mAbs exhibited mutual inhibition of binding to mIgE. Epitope mapping using synthetic peptides revealed that all five mAbs recognize the same epitope, RADWPGPP, located near the C-terminus of C(epsilon)mX. Binding of one of the mAbs to mIgE on SKO-007 cells induced the cross-linking of mIgE molecules on the cell surface, resulting in their patching and capping. In vitro functional analysis revealed that mAbs are able to cause complement-mediated cytotoxicity on transfectants expressing the Fc portion of mIgE. CONCLUSION: We have prepared several human mIgE-specific mAbs. The potential of the mAbs on targeting mIgE+ B cells was demonstrated by CDC analysis.

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