Monoclonal anti-idiotopic antibodies against myasthenia-inducing anti-acetylcholine receptor monoclonal antibodies. Preponderance of nonparatope-directed antibodies affecting antigen binding

M. A. Agius, C. J. Geannopoulos, Robert H Fairclough, David P Richman

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To analyze components of the idiotypic network in experimental autoimmune disease, we produced 17 isogeneic anti-idiotopic monoclonal antibodies (anti-Id) against two experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis-producing anti-acetylcholine receptor (anti-AChR) monoclonal antibodies. We studied the binding of five of the anti-Id to the anti-AChR monoclonal antibodies bearing the complementary idiotopes (Id-mAb). They bound with K(d) values ranging from 0.06 to 0.86 nM, values comparable to those of Id-mAb:AChR complexes (0.26 and 0.34 nM). All of the anti-Id tested moderately inhibited the binding of AChR to Id-mAb, whereas for each anti-Id, AChR either strongly inhibited anti-Id binding or had no effect on anti-Id binding. Hence, the inhibition of Id-mAb:AChR binding by anti-Id was not reciprocal with the inhibition of anti-Id:Id-mAb binding by AChR. For each anti-Id, the relative affinities of anti-Id and AChR for Id-mAb together with the lack of symmetry of inhibition by anti-Id compared to inhibition by AChR indicate that these two 'ligands' are not competitve inhibitors. Consequently, anti-Id and AChR do not bind to overlapping sites on the Id-mAb, suggesting that the observed inhibition is mediated allosterically. This may be a common mechanism of anti-Id:Id binding, which would have important implications for the mechanism of anti-Id-induced suppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-68
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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