Monitoring human exposure to pesticides using immunoassay

Marja E. Koivunen, Shirley J. Gee, Mikaela Nichkova, Ki Chang Ahn, Bruce D. Hammock

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


Immunoassays offer selective, sensitive and low-cost tools for the assessment of pesticide exposure through the measurement of parent compounds or key metabolites in biological fluids such as urine, blood or saliva. Recently conducted biomonitoring studies for paraquat and atrazine illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of the immunochemical approach. Development for improved assay throughput and sensitivity includes substitution of enzyme labels with fluorescent nanoparticle probes or luminescent acridinium labels together with the use of automated immunoanalyzers, immunosensors or microchips with flow-through systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACS Symposium Series
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 2007

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
ISSN (Print)00976156

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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