Ninety-six nasal isolates of Pasteurella multocida from swine herds with progressive atrophic rhinitis were characterized by restriction endonuclease analysis (REA) of whole-cell DNA, ribotyping, and plasmid analysis. For REA, bacterial DNA was digested with SmaI and electrophoresed in 0.7% agarose, and fragments were visualized with UV light. For ribotyping, EcoRI-digested and electrophoresed restriction fragments of whole-cell DNA were transferred to nitrocellulose membranes, hybridized with gamma-32P-labeled Escherichia coli ribosomal RNA, and visualized by autoradiography. Phenotypes of isolates were toxigenic capsular type D (n = 51), nontoxigenic type D (n = 28), nontoxigenic type A (n = 16), and toxigenic type A (n = 1). Plasmids of various sizes were evident in 92.2% and 17.9% of toxigenic and nontoxigenic D strains, respectively, but were absent from all type A strains. Among the 4 phenotypes, there were 17 REA profiles and 6 ribotypes. For 3 of 17 REA patterns, multiple ribotypes were evident, and several REA types were evident in 5 of 6 ribotypes. Thirty-seven isolates of toxigenic capsular type D from Australian herds were either SmaI type B or C and ribotype 2, whereas 14 toxigenic D isolates from the USA and other countries were more heterogeneous (7 REA types and 6 ribotypes). The fingerprinting results provided evidence in support of the hypothesis of a single source infection in Australia associated with the introduction of breeding pigs from overseas.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc|
|State||Published - Oct 1994|
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