Modulation of cutaneous wound healing by ozone: Differences between young and aged mice

Yunsook Lim, Anh D. Phung, Ana M. Corbacho, Hnin Hnin Aung, Emanuela Maioli, Abraham Z. Reznick, Carroll E Cross, Paul A. Davis, Giuseppe Valacchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Cutaneous tissues are frequently exposed to prooxidative environments, including UV radiation and air pollutants. Among the latter, ozone (O 3) is of particular concern because of its high and dominating presence in photochemical smog. It is well known that O3 depletes small molecular weight antioxidants, oxidizes proteins, induces lipid peroxidation and activates cellular responses in various tissues. Using an in vivo model (SKH-1 hairless mice), the interaction between O3 exposure (0. 5 ppm x 6 h/day) and age was examined in relation to cutaneous wound healing. Compared to younger (8 weeks) mice, older (18 months) mice exposed to O3 (day 0 to day 9 after wounding) exhibited delayed wound closure, increased lipid peroxidation (measured as 4-HNE protein adducts) and protein oxidation (measured as carbonyls concentration) and decreased levels of P-IκBα and TGFβ protein. These findings support the hypothesis that oxidant pollutant exposure and age interact so as to disrupt normal wound healing processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-134
Number of pages8
JournalToxicology Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 5 2006


  • Aging
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • NFκB
  • Ozone
  • TGFβ
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology


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