Modification of excitation and inhibition evoked in dentate gyrus by perforant path stimulation: Effects of aminophylline and kindling

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Abstract

Rats were implanted with chronic electrodes to stimulate the perforant path and record the elicited monosynaptic evoked potentials from the dentate gyrus of the hippocampal formation. Dentate responses were examined in awake and anesthetized animals after exposure to saline and aminophylline (100 mg/kg, IP). In the awake animal, aminophylline treatment did not significantly alter the threshold or elicited amplitude of either the excitatory post-synaptic potential (EPSP) or the population spike (PS). Aminophylline pretreatment markedly enhanced the length and severity of elicited seizures from hippocampal (dentate gyrus) or perforant pathway stimulation. After daily perforant pathway stimulations which established "kindled" seizures, aminophylline significantly increased only the amplitude of the evoked PS in awake animals. In animals anesthetized with chloropent, aminophylline increased significantly before kindling the amplitude of both the EPSP and PS without effecting thresholds for each. After perforant pathway kindling, only the PS amplitude was increased significantly by aminophylline. Inhibition, thought to be from GABA-mediated recurrent collaterals, was found to be increased rather than decreased by kindling. Further, aminophylline treatment did not result in reduction of this inhibition before or after kindling. These data suggest that at this dose of aminophylline neither enhanced transmitter release at this synapse as measured by the amplitude of the EPSP, nor reduced recurrent collateral inhibition significantly contributed to the prolongation of elicited seizure afterdischarge. The increase in PS amplitude reflecting an increased number of granule cells excited to discharge with perforant path stimulation after aminophylline was noted in awake animals but was greatest in the anesthetized animals. Although the number of granule cells excited to discharge was increased by aminophylline, the small increase in amplitude seen compared to the effects of other neurotoxins on this synapse makes this an unlikely explanation for the profound increased seizure response seen after aminophylline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986

Fingerprint

Perforant Pathway
Aminophylline
Dentate Gyrus
Animals
Synaptic Potentials
Seizures
Population
Synapses
Cell Count
Parahippocampal Gyrus
Bioelectric potentials
Neurotoxins
Evoked Potentials
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Rats
Transmitters
Hippocampus
Electrodes

Keywords

  • Adenosine
  • Aminophylline
  • Dentate gyrus
  • Evoked potentials
  • Kindling
  • Perforant path
  • Recurrent collateral inhibition
  • Theophylline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

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title = "Modification of excitation and inhibition evoked in dentate gyrus by perforant path stimulation: Effects of aminophylline and kindling",
abstract = "Rats were implanted with chronic electrodes to stimulate the perforant path and record the elicited monosynaptic evoked potentials from the dentate gyrus of the hippocampal formation. Dentate responses were examined in awake and anesthetized animals after exposure to saline and aminophylline (100 mg/kg, IP). In the awake animal, aminophylline treatment did not significantly alter the threshold or elicited amplitude of either the excitatory post-synaptic potential (EPSP) or the population spike (PS). Aminophylline pretreatment markedly enhanced the length and severity of elicited seizures from hippocampal (dentate gyrus) or perforant pathway stimulation. After daily perforant pathway stimulations which established {"}kindled{"} seizures, aminophylline significantly increased only the amplitude of the evoked PS in awake animals. In animals anesthetized with chloropent, aminophylline increased significantly before kindling the amplitude of both the EPSP and PS without effecting thresholds for each. After perforant pathway kindling, only the PS amplitude was increased significantly by aminophylline. Inhibition, thought to be from GABA-mediated recurrent collaterals, was found to be increased rather than decreased by kindling. Further, aminophylline treatment did not result in reduction of this inhibition before or after kindling. These data suggest that at this dose of aminophylline neither enhanced transmitter release at this synapse as measured by the amplitude of the EPSP, nor reduced recurrent collateral inhibition significantly contributed to the prolongation of elicited seizure afterdischarge. The increase in PS amplitude reflecting an increased number of granule cells excited to discharge with perforant path stimulation after aminophylline was noted in awake animals but was greatest in the anesthetized animals. Although the number of granule cells excited to discharge was increased by aminophylline, the small increase in amplitude seen compared to the effects of other neurotoxins on this synapse makes this an unlikely explanation for the profound increased seizure response seen after aminophylline.",
keywords = "Adenosine, Aminophylline, Dentate gyrus, Evoked potentials, Kindling, Perforant path, Recurrent collateral inhibition, Theophylline",
author = "Albertson, {Timothy E} and Joy, {R. M.}",
year = "1986",
doi = "10.1016/0091-3057(86)90049-3",
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T1 - Modification of excitation and inhibition evoked in dentate gyrus by perforant path stimulation

T2 - Effects of aminophylline and kindling

AU - Albertson, Timothy E

AU - Joy, R. M.

PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - Rats were implanted with chronic electrodes to stimulate the perforant path and record the elicited monosynaptic evoked potentials from the dentate gyrus of the hippocampal formation. Dentate responses were examined in awake and anesthetized animals after exposure to saline and aminophylline (100 mg/kg, IP). In the awake animal, aminophylline treatment did not significantly alter the threshold or elicited amplitude of either the excitatory post-synaptic potential (EPSP) or the population spike (PS). Aminophylline pretreatment markedly enhanced the length and severity of elicited seizures from hippocampal (dentate gyrus) or perforant pathway stimulation. After daily perforant pathway stimulations which established "kindled" seizures, aminophylline significantly increased only the amplitude of the evoked PS in awake animals. In animals anesthetized with chloropent, aminophylline increased significantly before kindling the amplitude of both the EPSP and PS without effecting thresholds for each. After perforant pathway kindling, only the PS amplitude was increased significantly by aminophylline. Inhibition, thought to be from GABA-mediated recurrent collaterals, was found to be increased rather than decreased by kindling. Further, aminophylline treatment did not result in reduction of this inhibition before or after kindling. These data suggest that at this dose of aminophylline neither enhanced transmitter release at this synapse as measured by the amplitude of the EPSP, nor reduced recurrent collateral inhibition significantly contributed to the prolongation of elicited seizure afterdischarge. The increase in PS amplitude reflecting an increased number of granule cells excited to discharge with perforant path stimulation after aminophylline was noted in awake animals but was greatest in the anesthetized animals. Although the number of granule cells excited to discharge was increased by aminophylline, the small increase in amplitude seen compared to the effects of other neurotoxins on this synapse makes this an unlikely explanation for the profound increased seizure response seen after aminophylline.

AB - Rats were implanted with chronic electrodes to stimulate the perforant path and record the elicited monosynaptic evoked potentials from the dentate gyrus of the hippocampal formation. Dentate responses were examined in awake and anesthetized animals after exposure to saline and aminophylline (100 mg/kg, IP). In the awake animal, aminophylline treatment did not significantly alter the threshold or elicited amplitude of either the excitatory post-synaptic potential (EPSP) or the population spike (PS). Aminophylline pretreatment markedly enhanced the length and severity of elicited seizures from hippocampal (dentate gyrus) or perforant pathway stimulation. After daily perforant pathway stimulations which established "kindled" seizures, aminophylline significantly increased only the amplitude of the evoked PS in awake animals. In animals anesthetized with chloropent, aminophylline increased significantly before kindling the amplitude of both the EPSP and PS without effecting thresholds for each. After perforant pathway kindling, only the PS amplitude was increased significantly by aminophylline. Inhibition, thought to be from GABA-mediated recurrent collaterals, was found to be increased rather than decreased by kindling. Further, aminophylline treatment did not result in reduction of this inhibition before or after kindling. These data suggest that at this dose of aminophylline neither enhanced transmitter release at this synapse as measured by the amplitude of the EPSP, nor reduced recurrent collateral inhibition significantly contributed to the prolongation of elicited seizure afterdischarge. The increase in PS amplitude reflecting an increased number of granule cells excited to discharge with perforant path stimulation after aminophylline was noted in awake animals but was greatest in the anesthetized animals. Although the number of granule cells excited to discharge was increased by aminophylline, the small increase in amplitude seen compared to the effects of other neurotoxins on this synapse makes this an unlikely explanation for the profound increased seizure response seen after aminophylline.

KW - Adenosine

KW - Aminophylline

KW - Dentate gyrus

KW - Evoked potentials

KW - Kindling

KW - Perforant path

KW - Recurrent collateral inhibition

KW - Theophylline

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