Models of soot formation and oxidation

Ian M. Kennedy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

485 Scopus citations


Advances in modeling soot formation and burnout in combustion systems are surveyed. The types of models are divided up into three classes: empirical, semi-empirical and detailed. Empirical models use correlations of experimental data to predict trends in soot loadings. Semi-empirical models solve rate equations that are calibrated against experimental data. Detailed models seek to predict the concentrations of all the important species in a flame, from fuel to polyaromatic hydrocarbons to soot. The three classes of models have demonstrated success in predicting soot concentrations. However, our knowledge of some of the fundamental underlying is still open to question and the success of the models has been obtained to some degree by adjustments to fit measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-132
Number of pages38
JournalProgress in Energy and Combustion Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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